Respiration in plants is a process that consumes sugars (e.g., glucose) and oxygen, produces carbon dioxide (CO2) and water, and releases energy to maintain the primary metabolic and physiological functions during growth. It determines the net carbon gain for plants and the carbon efflux for whole ecosystems.
Delighted to announce the winning Research Topic from the 2021 Global Plant Council Prize: “Systematic Resistance and Defense Priming Against Pathogens”, led by Dr. Nicolás M. Cecchini (CONICET and National University of Córdoba, Argentina) and Dr. Ho Won Jung (Dong-A University, South Korea).
Fall armyworm (Spodoptera frugiperda (J.E. Smith) is a devastating insect, which is known for its polyphagous nature. That is, its ability to feed on various kinds of food sources. This insect can migrate up to 100 km in a single night and therefore, it becomes a devastating pest in many countries that demands proper management. Recent research has develped a new and innovative technique of managing the larvae on maize plants.
Despite their obscurity, gametophytes are vital to our understanding of biodiversity and to the successful implementation of conservation strategies.
A tremendous amount of research has been done to explore Si action in plants against drought, waterlogging, salinity, heavy metals, ultra-violet, as well as pathogenic and entomological attacks. While most studies address Si role in abiotic and biotic stress conditions, one question remains: Can Si be used to improve crop production in the absence of significant stress?
Sub-Saharan Africa’s population continues to grow, with the prediction that the population will double by 2050 and peak by 2100. This poses a challenge in meeting the demand for staple food in a region where self-reliance in cereal production, a major staple food, is the lowest globally in terms of productivity. As a result, cereal demand is projected to triple. Yet, cereal yields are very low, and the current consumption is already dependent on substantial imports, placing the continent at a great risk of food insecurity.
The scientific community recognises the challenges faced by policymakers when looking for solutions that balance research needs with the importance of benefit sharing. Scientists who work with DSI can make an important contribution to the effort by countries to weigh the advantages and disadvantages of different policy options.
The fascinating world of plants will be once more in the spotlight thanks to the EPSO, which invites you to celebrate the sixth Fascination of Plants Day on and around May 18th 2022. For this purpose, scientific institutions together with schools, farmers and companies will offer a variety of plant-based interactive events and activities for all interested people from toddlers to grandparents.
The molecular mechanisms behind the germination seeds are still a mystery. However, advanced molecular tools such as transcriptomics, proteomics, and metabolomics have added significant information. This short communication is a brief introduction of said revealed mechanisms.