forest fire

Understanding how fire shapes plants will help protect them 

By | Forestry, News

Understanding how fire influences plant life is crucial for safeguarding biodiversity. By predicting plant responses to fire, scientists aid conservation efforts. Through traits like resprouting and seed germination, plants adapt to fire-prone ecosystems. With accurate predictions, land managers can plan controlled burns effectively, crucial as fire patterns evolve. Advancing fire-plant knowledge is key to future protection.

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The secret lives of roots: Tropical forest root systems are central to understanding the carbon stock change

By | Forestry, News

Tropical forest roots play a crucial role in climate change dynamics, yet they’re often overlooked. New research highlights the significance of understanding root function in tropical ecosystems. By integrating this knowledge into vegetation models, scientists aim to improve predictions of carbon stock changes, essential for mitigating climate impacts.

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Image: Leaf with herbivores. Credit: Lisa Hülsmann

Overcrowding increases tree mortality, perhaps explaining higher biodiversity in tropical forests

By | Forestry, News, Plant Science

New research reveals that tree mortality increases with overcrowding, especially in tropical forests. The study, involving 52 scientists worldwide, suggests specialized pathogens or herbivores as culprits. These findings shed light on why tropical forests harbor more species and underscore the importance of long-term forest studies for biodiversity conservation.

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Image: Section of the world map focussing on Africa. Many coloured dots mark the location and type of different forms of land use after deforestation. Credit: Screenshot of the App

Mapping how deforested land in Africa is used

By | Forestry, News

Africa’s forests, constituting 14% of global cover, face accelerating decline due to human-driven economic activities, impacting climate and biodiversity. A study provides high-resolution mapping of post-deforestation land use, aiding conservation efforts and supporting the EU’s Deforestation Regulation, crucial for sustainable resource management.

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Image: Lakes and forests are prime locations for biodiversity researchers to collect environmental DNA. Credit:  Lian und Sander Baumann / Pixabay

Here, there, everywhere: environmental DNA clues to biodiversity

By | Forestry, News, Research

Scientists are utilizing environmental DNA (eDNA) shed by living organisms to study biodiversity. EU-funded LeDNA project collects eDNA from lakes to assess and discover species, aiding global biodiversity preservation efforts. On World Biodiversity Day, May 22, 2024, a citizen science survey will test the method’s scalability, involving people worldwide in lake eDNA sampling using a specially designed device. Similarly, the BIOSPACE project explores eDNA in forests, predicting microbial biodiversity with satellite imagery, offering systematic and unbiased insights into lesser-known species for comprehensive biodiversity conservation.

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Image: Simple road going through a diverse forest. Credit: jusuf111 / Pixabay

New study on the link between biodiversity and climate: How forests smell – a risk for the climate?

By | Climate change, Forestry, News

Plants emit odours for a variety of reasons, such as to communicate with each other, to deter herbivores or to respond to changing environmental conditions. An interdisciplinary team of researchers carried out a study to investigate how biodiversity influences the emission of these substances. For the first time, they were able to show that species-rich forests emit less of these gases into the atmosphere than monocultures.

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